一分钟学会Back的所有用法,99%的人不知道!

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后退

move backward;make sth backward


She backed against the wall, terrified.

她吓得后退,紧贴着墙。


You'll have to back the car up into the garage.

你得倒车入库。


后面的


We were sitting in the back row,so it is hard to see the singer clearly.

我们坐在后排所以很难看清歌手的样子。





过去的、过期的

back number:专指过期的杂志期刊


It doesn't matter. It was a back number anyway.

没关系,反正都是过期的杂志。



拖欠、积欠的

a back pay/rent/taxes


He was unemployed and owed 2 months'back rent.

他失业了且欠了两个月的房租。


The boss must provide back rent with workers.

老板必须把积欠的工资支付给员工。


at the back of 

背后的原因


Could you feel anything at the back of it?

你知道这里面的名堂吗?



at the back of mind

内心所想,但不是很确定的东西


I have an idea at the back of mind that I met him somewhere.

我好像记得似乎在哪里见过他。



be one's back

依靠某人


He must be his back because he has no choice.

他必须依靠他因为别无他法。


turn one's back on

①把背转向他人,形容不理睬别人,衍伸为拒绝他人


I turned to him for help ,but he turned his back on me.

我向他求助,但他不愿搭理我。



背弃、放弃


She turned her back on what she insisted

她放弃了一直以来所坚持的。


behind one's back

瞒着别人;背着别人做某事


We should not speak ill of a man behind his back, which is impolite.

我们不应该背地里说别人的坏话,这是不礼貌的。


take a back seat

退居二线、次要地位;知趣靠边站


The senior took a back seat and made room for the young and new ideas.

长者退居二线让位给年轻人和新思想。



back and forth

前前后后,来来回回


The wind moved the twigs gently back and forth.

风轻轻地吹着树枝来回摇晃。



there and back 

往返,来回


Can I go there and back in one day?

我一天内来回赶得了吗?



其他常见短语:


break one's back(全力以赴)

back down(退出)

answer back(顶嘴)

bring back to health(恢复健康)

come back(回来;重新流行;想起来)

hand back (物归原主)

pay back(还清)

sit back (袖手旁观)

win back(重新赢回)

turn back(折回;往回走)

run/roll back(倒带)

bite back(很快抑制自己,没有说出不该说的话)



Not to advance is to go back

不进则退



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赖小琪(微信号:627552886),国家翻译协会资深会员,深圳市布罗登留学英语培训创始人,资深教授雅思,托福,GMAT, SAT等出国英语考试以及剑桥商务英语(BEC).本科毕业于深圳大学金融和会计双学位,研究生就读于爱尔兰都柏林大学国际商务专业.于2008,2009以及2010年相继高分通过BEC中级和高级,雅思以及国家高级翻译考试.其中BEC(剑桥商务英语)高级考试获得当届深圳市考区第一名.曾在各大英语网站发表多篇英语文章和翻译,获得广大英语爱好者的好评与喜爱.2007年正式与深圳各大培训机构合作教授各类英语课程,教出无数高分学生.2013年接受《南方教育时报》的独家采访.

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